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Different Facets of the Foot

Tuesday, 23 August 2022 00:00

The movement of the body is referred to as biomechanics. Biomechanics of the feet refer to the movement of the feet and ankles. One of the functions of the ankle is to transfer the forces from the foot to the leg. Ligaments, muscles, and tendons connect the three bones that the ankle is made of and allow the foot to move up and down. The walk cycle, which is known as the gait, is divided into two phases known as the swing and stance phases. The former happens when the foot swings forward and is not in contact with the ground. The latter occurs when the foot hits the ground and this phase is split into three categories: heel strike, midstance, and heel lift. The heel strike allows the foot to roll inward known as pronation. This allows the foot to absorb the shock that comes from walking on different surfaces. The midstance allows the weight of the body to be directly over the foot as contact with the ground is made. When the foot rolls outward this describes the heel lift, and it activates the bones, muscles, and plantar fascia to work together as steps are taken. The foot is a complex structure and if you would like to learn more about how it works, please consult with a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Importance of Biomechanics in Podiatry
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