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Friday, 09 February 2024 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Tuesday, 06 February 2024 00:00

Symptoms and Varieties of Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains come in various forms, each accompanied by distinct symptoms that highlight the complexity of this injury. The lateral ankle sprain is the most common, occurring when the foot turns inward,which stretches or tears the ligaments on the outer side of the ankle. Individuals experiencing a lateral sprain may encounter pain, swelling, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected foot. Medial ankle sprains, less frequent but equally impactful, involve damage to the ligaments on the inner side of the ankle, often leading to tenderness and swelling. High ankle sprains affect the ligaments that connect the tibia and fibula, causing pain above the ankle and potentially affecting stability. Regardless of the type of sprain, common symptoms include bruising, limited range of motion, and a feeling of instability. If you have endured an ankle sprain, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can determine which type it is and offer appropriate treatment solutions.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ankle Sprains
Tuesday, 30 January 2024 00:00

Foot Bone Fractures May Be Warning Signs

Unexplained foot bone fractures may be the first subtle clue pointing to a condition known as osteoporosis. Affecting over 28 million Americans and contributing to 1.5 million bone fractures per year, this bone-thinning condition often advances unnoticed until a fracture occurs. Foot stress fractures are usually the result of overuse and pounding, common in runners and other athletes.  But they also may be the result of osteoporosis. As the bones become more porous, particularly in post-menopausal women, even routine activities like walking can become a potential trigger for fractures. However, osteoporosis can also affect younger individuals and men. Early symptoms may include heightened pain during walking, along with redness and swelling on the top of the foot. Ignoring any type of foot pain is discouraged, as early intervention significantly influences treatment outcomes. A podiatrist can play an important role in diagnosing osteoporosis through bone X-rays and various other tests. Custom orthotics may be recommended by a podiatrist to relieve pressure and provide shock absorption, especially during physical activity. If you experience unexplained foot pain, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a full exam and diagnosis, with treatment options to suit your needs.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue in color
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment for a Broken Foot
Tuesday, 23 January 2024 00:00

Facts About Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when the edge or corner of a toenail grows into the adjacent skin, causing pain, redness, and swelling. Although the big toe is commonly affected, any toenail can become ingrown. Various factors contribute to ingrown toenails, including wearing ill-fitting shoes, improper toenail trimming, injuries, and inherent deformities. If the area becomes infected, characterized by redness, swelling and pus, it is strongly suggested that you see a podiatrist for immediate treatment. Severe cases of ingrown toenails may necessitate surgical intervention, involving the removal of the ingrown portion of the nail. Ablation, applying a small electrical charge or liquid solution during surgery, may help to prevent future ingrowth. In some cases a portion of the toenail, or the entire toenail may need to be removed. However, if you do not practice good foot care, the problem is more likely to reoccur. If you have surgery, it can take two to four months for your nail to grow back. Seeking a professional diagnosis is beneficial for those with recurring ingrown toenails or individuals with diabetes. Wearing comfortable shoes aids healing, but persistent or worsening symptoms require medical attention. To safely manage problematic ingrown toenails, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenail Care
Tuesday, 16 January 2024 00:00

Treatment Options for Achilles Tendon Pain

Injuries to the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscle to the heel bone, commonly lead to Achilles tendonitis or Achilles tendonosis. Both cause pain, stiffness, and discomfort in the lower leg. Differentiating between the two is necessary for effective treatment. Achilles tendonitis results from overuse or sudden activity increase. If left untreated, it may progress to Achilles tendonosis, where the inflamed tendon degenerates, develops microscopic tears, and possibly ruptures. Treatment options vary based on severity, including immobilization with casts, walking boots, or night splints. Recovery typically takes two to three months, but if nonsurgical approaches fail, surgical options like gastrocnemius recession, debridement, and repair, or debridement with tendon transfer may be considered. Surgical intervention is a last resort, emphasizing the importance of early diagnosis and tailored treatment by a podiatrist to prevent further progression of Achilles tendon conditions. For an exam and treatment options, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can discuss the treatment method that is best for you.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Causes, Types, and Treatments of Achilles Tendon Injuries
Wednesday, 10 January 2024 00:00

Heel Pain Can Be Treated!

Do you suffer from heel pain when you get up in the morning? If so, you should seek the professional help of your podiatrist and have a proper diagnosis performed. Heel pain can be caused by several different foot-related conditions.

Tuesday, 09 January 2024 00:00

Causes of Thick Toenails

Thick toenails are a prevalent issue among the older adults, often signifying underlying health problems that require intervention. Prompt attention is important, as delayed treatment can result in excessively brittle nails. Various factors contribute to the development of thick toenails. Fungal nail infections, which affect nearly 10 percent of the U.S. population, are a leading cause. Dermatophytes, candida, or non-dermatophytic molds often trigger these infections. Nail injuries, poor foot hygiene, and compromised immune systems can make the situation worse. Nail psoriasis, a common skin condition, presents another potential cause of thick toenails. Distinctive symptoms include pitting, ridging, and abnormal contours. Additionally, diabetes, toe injuries, yellow nail syndrome, and the natural aging process can contribute to the thickening of toenails. Treatment options include prescribed antifungal medications, both oral and topical, and, in severe cases, surgical or chemical nail removal. Recognizing the diverse causes of thick toenails enables individuals to seek appropriate podiatric care. For help with thickened toenails, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an evaluation and a discussion of treatment options. 

If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Symptoms

  • Warped or oddly shaped nails
  • Yellowish nails
  • Loose/separated nail
  • Buildup of bits and pieces of nail fragments under the nail
  • Brittle, broken, thickened nail

Treatment

If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.

Prevention

In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.

In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Toenail Fungus
Tuesday, 02 January 2024 00:00

Common Reasons Why Feet Can Swell

Swollen feet, a frequent and uncomfortable condition, can be triggered by a variety of factors. One of the most common causes is prolonged standing or sitting, which can cause fluid to accumulate in the lower extremities. Similarly, high salt intake can lead to water retention, resulting in swollen feet. Pregnancy is another well-known cause of foot swelling, due to increased blood volume and pressure on leg veins. Certain medications, like those for hypertension or hormone therapy, may contribute to edema. Injuries, such as sprained ankles or fractures, can also result in localized foot swelling. Additionally, underlying medical conditions like heart disease, kidney problems, or venous insufficiency can lead to edema in the feet. Lymphedema, a condition involving impaired lymphatic system function, is another possible cause. Recognizing the common causes of swollen feet is vital, as it can help you determine whether it is a benign issue or a sign of an underlying health problem. If you are concerned about persistent foot swelling, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and guidance on managing the condition.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

Read more about Swelling of the Feet
Tuesday, 26 December 2023 00:00

How Diabetes Can Affect the Feet

Diabetes is a complex condition that affects various parts of the body, and one often underestimated area is the feet. One of the most common diabetes-related foot problems is neuropathy, which can result in a loss of sensation. Additionally, it can cause tingling, pain, or weakness in the foot. This loss of sensation can lead to injuries that are unnoticed, such as stepping on a tack or developing a blister, which can worsen and become infected. In addition, nerve damage can also alter the shape of your feet and toes, making it essential to avoid wearing ill-fitting shoes. Having high blood sugar levels for an extended period of time can also cause blood vessels in the foot and leg to narrow and harden, inhibiting proper blood flow to the extremities. This poor circulation to the feet makes them less able to heal and fight off infections and can result in the development of ulcers. If left unattended, foot ulcers can turn into gangrene and possibly the loss of a limb. Wearing proper footwear, lifestyle changes, and working closely with your podiatrist are essential steps in managing diabetes and protecting your feet from complications. If you have foot problems that result from diabetes, it is suggested that you make regular appointments to see a podiatrist for checkups. 

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from The Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Conditions
Tuesday, 19 December 2023 00:00

Standing During Work and Edema

Edema, characterized by swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet, can be influenced by various factors, including extended periods of standing while working. This condition also often occurs after standing for a prolonged time, as well as during long plane flights or car rides. The act of standing for extended durations can lead to several health concerns. It may contribute to muscle fatigue in the legs and feet, leading to discomfort. Poor posture while standing can result in back pain and musculoskeletal issues. Moreover, it can strain the cardiovascular system, potentially causing conditions like edema. While standing is associated with increased physical activity and alertness, it is essential to strike a balance. Incorporating breaks to sit, stretch, and walk can alleviate the negative effects. Ergonomic adjustments to your workstation, supportive footwear, and exercises targeting leg and core muscles can help mitigate the challenges of prolonged standing. It is important to monitor persistent swelling in the ankles and feet, especially if accompanied by other concerning symptoms, as it can sometimes indicate underlying health problems. If you have continued edema, it is strongly suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an examination and care.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from The Podiatry Center. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Richmond and Glen Allen, VA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Working on Your Feet
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